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Information for Healthcare Professionals about Coronavirus (COVID-19)

Resources for Healthcare Professionals Caring for COVID-19 Patients
Categories: C.D.C. (U.S.), Health

Multistate Assessment of SARS-CoV-2 Seroprevalence in Blood Donors

CDC is conducting a nationwide COVID-19 seroprevalence survey in 25 U.S. metropolitan areas to understand the percentage of people in the United States who may have been infected with SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19.
Categories: C.D.C. (U.S.), Health

Crew Disembarkations through Commercial Travel

Crew Disembarkations through Commercial Travel
Categories: C.D.C. (U.S.), Health

Quarantine If You Might Be Sick

Quarantine If You Might Be Sick
Categories: C.D.C. (U.S.), Health

Social Media Toolkit

Social Media Toolkit
Categories: C.D.C. (U.S.), Health

WHO: access to HIV medicines severely impacted by COVID-19 as AIDS response stalls

WHO news - 06.07.2020

Seventy-three countries have warned that they are at risk of stock-outs of antiretroviral (ARV) medicines as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, according to a new WHO survey conducted ahead of the International AIDS Society’s biannual conference. Twenty-four countries reported having either a critically low stock of ARVs or disruptions in the supply of these life-saving medicines. 

The survey follows a modelling exercise convened by WHO and UNAIDS in May which forecasted that a six-month disruption in access to ARVs could lead to a doubling in AIDS-related deaths in sub-Saharan Africa in 2020 alone.

In 2019, an estimated 8.3 million people were benefiting from ARVs in the 24 countries now experiencing supply shortages. This represents about one third (33%) of all people taking HIV treatment globally.  While there is no cure for HIV, ARVs can control the virus and prevent onward sexual transmission to other people.

A failure of suppliers to deliver ARVs on time and a shut-down of land and air transport services, coupled with limited access to health services within countries as a result of the pandemic, were among the causes cited for the disruptions in the survey.

The findings of this survey are deeply concerning,” said Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, WHO Director-General. “Countries and their development partners must do all they can to ensure that people who need HIV treatment continue to access it. We cannot let the COVID-19 pandemic undo the hard-won gains in the global response to this disease.

Stalled progress

According to data released today from UNAIDS and WHO, new HIV infections fell by 39% between 2000 and 2019. HIV-related deaths fell by 51% over the same time period, and some 15 million lives were saved through the use of antiretroviral therapy.

However, progresstowards global targets is stalling. Over the last two years, the annual number of new HIV infections has plateaued at 1.7 million and there was only a modest reduction in HIV-related death, from 730 000 in 2018 to 690 000 in 2019.  Despite steady advances in scaling up treatment coverage – with more than 25 million people in need of ARVs receiving them in 2019 – key 2020 global targets will be missed.

HIV prevention and testing services are not reaching the groups that need them most. Improved targeting of proven prevention and testing services will be critical to reinvigorate the global response to HIV.

WHO guidance and country action

COVID-19 risks exacerbating the situation. WHO recently developed guidance for countries on how to safely maintain access to essential health services during the pandemic, including for all people living with or affected by HIV. The guidance encourages countries to limit disruptions in access to HIV treatment through “multi-month dispensing,” a policy whereby medicines are prescribed for longer periods of time – up to six months. To date, 129 countries have adopted this policy.

Countries are also mitigating the impact of the disruptions by working to maintain flights and supply chains, engaging communities in the delivery of HIV medicines, and working with manufacturers to overcome logistics challenges.

New opportunities to treat HIV in young children

At the IAS conference, WHO will highlight how global progress in reducing HIV-related deaths can be accelerated by stepping up support and services for populations disproportionately impacted by the epidemic, including young children. In 2019, there were an estimated 95 000 HIV-related deaths and 150 000 new infections among children. Only about half (53%) of children in need of antiretroviral therapy were receiving it.  A lack of optimal medicines with suitable pediatric formulations has been a longstanding barrier to improving health outcomes for children living with HIV.

Last month, WHO welcomed a decision by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to approve a new 5mg formulation of dolutegravir (DTG) for infants and children older than 4 weeks and weighing more than 3 kg. This decision will ensure that all children have rapid access to an optimal drug that, to date, has only been available for adults, adolescents and older children. WHO is committed to fast-tracking the prequalification of DTG as a generic drug so that it can be used as soon as possible by countries to save lives. 

Through a collaboration of multiple partners, we are likely to see generic versions of dolutegravir for children by early 2021, allowing for a rapid reduction in the cost of this medicine,” said Dr Meg Doherty, Director of the Department of Global HIV, Hepatitis and STI Programmes at WHO. “This will give us another new tool to reach children living with HIV and keep them alive and healthy.”

Tackling opportunistic infections

Many HIV-related deaths result from infections that take advantage of an individual’s weakened immune system. These include bacterial infections, such as tuberculosis, viral infections like hepatitis and COVID-19, parasitic infections such as toxoplasmosis and fungal infections, including histoplasmosis.

Today, WHO is releasing new guidelines for the diagnosis and management of histoplasmosis, among people living with HIV. Histoplasmosis is highly prevalent in the WHO Region of the Americas, where as many as 15 600 new cases and 4500 deaths are reported each year among people living with HIV. Many of these deaths could be prevented through timely diagnosis and treatment of the disease.

In recent years, the development of highly sensitive diagnostic tests has allowed for a rapid and accurate confirmation of histoplasmosis and earlier initiation of treatment. However, innovative diagnostics and optimal treatments for this disease are not yet widely available in resource-limited settings.

 

WHO launches iSupport Lite

WHO news - 06.07.2020

The recent COVID-19 pandemic and resulting breakdown of community-based services for people with dementia and their caregivers emphasized the importance of providing caregivers with accessible public health messages to reduce caregiver stress and improve their mental health and well-being.

WHO’s iSupport Lite consists of a set of practical support messages for caregivers of people with dementia extracted from iSupport, WHO’s knowledge and skills training programme.

iSupport Lite offers tips for caregivers of people with dementia that can be drawn upon when and as needed. For caregivers who have already completed the comprehensive iSupport programme, iSupport Lite will act as a refresher, reinforcing previously-acquired caregiving skills and knowledge. iSupport Lite is available as posters on the WHO website and through social media. 

 

 

 

 

Accomplishments

Accomplishments
Categories: C.D.C. (U.S.), Health

About Serology Surveillance

About Serology Surveillance
Categories: C.D.C. (U.S.), Health

Social Media Toolkit: Daily Life & Going Out

Social Media Toolkit: Daily Life & Going Out
Categories: C.D.C. (U.S.), Health

Social Media Toolkit: Communities, Schools & Workplaces

Social Media Toolkit: Communities, Schools & Workplaces
Categories: C.D.C. (U.S.), Health

Response highlights

Response highlights
Categories: C.D.C. (U.S.), Health

Social Media Toolkit: Prevent Getting Sick

Social Media Toolkit: Prevent Getting Sick
Categories: C.D.C. (U.S.), Health

Guidance for General Laboratory Safety Practices during the COVID-19 Pandemic

Guidance for General Laboratory Safety Practices during the COVID-19 Pandemic
Categories: C.D.C. (U.S.), Health

Funeral Home Workers

Funeral Home Workers
Categories: C.D.C. (U.S.), Health

How to Wear Cloth Face Coverings

Cloth face coverings are an additional step to help slow the spread of COVID-19 when combined with every day preventive actions and social distancing in public settings.
Categories: C.D.C. (U.S.), Health

How to Make Cloth Face Coverings

How to Make Cloth Face Coverings
Categories: C.D.C. (U.S.), Health

COVID-19 Considerations for Animal Activities at Fairs, Shows, and Other Events

COVID-19 Considerations for Animal Activities at Fairs, Shows, and Other Events
Categories: C.D.C. (U.S.), Health

Social Distancing

Social Distancing, Quarantine, and Isolation
Categories: C.D.C. (U.S.), Health

Considerations for Traveling Amusement Parks and Carnivals

Considerations for Traveling Amusement Parks and Carnivals
Categories: C.D.C. (U.S.), Health
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